Module 2: Activity #4 ICT in Chemistry
by Dike John - Thursday, 21 September 2017, 11:51 PM
 
Use of ICT in project-based learning in chemistry
Description of the activity:
You will need to first to read the compulsory readings 8 and 9.
Over the past decade science educators have been engaged in
experimental projects that focus on the integration of ICT-the Internet
and the World Wide Web in particular as an additional medium for
teaching and learning. Project-based learning (PBL), which is
increasingly supported by ICT, is said to contribute to enhancing
student-directed inquiry learning in a real world setting.(For more
detailed exposition of PBL see Barak & Doyi 2004)
In an IT environment, students can use ICT–based tools such as a
word processor or presentation software to report on the results of
experiments, present a research project or communicate with other
students. Also, for research projects and specific assignments, the
Internet can be used as a source of scientific data and theoretical
information.

This learning activity is about the integration of Project-based
learning in an IT environment into chemistry teaching, using the
Internet as the learning environment.
Assignment and Assessment
The ICT project-based assignments that we shall outline in this
activity are premised on the constructivist perspective emphasizing
active learning and higher order thinking skills. They should serve as
exemplars for the student teacher. They require solving real-life
problems, seeking information on the Web, exploring chemical
concepts and theories, and presenting arguments.
As part of the PBL approach, each assignment is hands on, demands
authentic investigation of the presented concept, and the use of ICTbased
cognitive tool- the Internet to support the process of inquiry.
The two assignments given as examples here are to be carried out
individually. The resources needed are computer and access to
Internet.
The two are titled ‘Elements in the periodic table’ and ‘Scientific theories’.

The first assignment, Elements in the periodic table, takes the
investigative form of asking the student to identify a chemical
element in a riddle by investigating the periodic table and seeking
information using the Web.
Example:        The riddle for such an inquiry is this : “I can be found in batteries and
coloured old glasses, but not in pencils anymore, I am known for my high
density and I am poisonous who am I?”
(the answer is lead Pb)
Question 1      Identify the element in the periodic table  and present
information regarding the date, place, and the way the element was
discovered. You  are also required to present an image or
visualization of the element, its chemical and physical properties and
its daily use and applications.
The second assignment, Scientific theories is concerned with the
complex process of accepting or rejecting a scientific theory.
Question 2     Investigate the principles of a given  theory in chemistry and
 explain why it was accepted or rejected by the scientific community.
In this assignment you will identify a theory. For instance,  some theories such
 as cold-fusion and poly-water fell by the  wayside, i.e. rejected, while others,
 such as molecular orbitals,  quantum theory, acid-base by Lewis, and Schrodinger’s
 atom model  are accepted.
NB/     Collaboration among students is likely to occur in the search and
downloading of information relevant to the task at hand. Students
should be able to demonstrate how one can communicate, exchange
and collaborate within an ICT network; send and receive messages
and documents by using email facilities; retrieve information by
navigating, searching, and selecting information from the Internet
and the World Wide Web; be critical about the quality of information
available, and acknowledge the ownership and private  aspects of
information; and identify the various methods and types of activities
of communicating via a network. At the end of the project, the
teacher may want the students to share the knowledge they had
acquired by asking them to upload their projects to the course Web
site for the benefit of all classmates.